Curve Extrapolation

Curves are used widely to define a XY data that are used by several entities in LS-DYNA. They help us to define either a time-dependent function, used in loads and boundary conditions, and/or a strain/strain-rate dependent function used frequently in constitutive models. Three most salient features of curve representation, that occur internally in LS-DYNA and…

February 12, 2007 | by

Limitations of Using LCSR for Strain-Rate Inclusion in MAT_024

The widely popular material model *MAT_PIECEWISE_LINEAR_PLASTICITY (MAT_024) supports various methods to include the strain-rate effects. One of the methods is the scaling of the quasi-static stress-strain curves using a load-curve, LCSR, that defines a scale-factor as a function of strain-rate. This method works by first finding the yield-stress, SIG_QUASI_STATIC, as a function of the effective…

January 26, 2007 | by

Modeling Loading and Unloading Behavior in Seatbelt Materials

Seatbelt constitutive model, invoked by using *MAT_SEATBELT, in LS-DYNA provides features to model the loading and unloading characteristics from a uni-axial test. Parameter LLCID provides ability to model the loading curve which allows the definition of force as a function of engineering strain. Parameter ULCID, provides ability to model the unloading curve again allowing the…

January 24, 2007 | by

Identifying Necking in Metals and Plastics

When characterizing materials such as Metals and Plastics in LS-DYNA, most constitutive models provide a yield criteria that accounts for a 3D state of stress which reduces to a uniaxial yield stress in 1D. This allows us to directly input the true stress-strain curve from a one-dimensional state of stress testing such as in uniaxial…

January 16, 2007 | by

Modeling Symmetric/Unsymmetric NonLinear Discrete Springs

Discrete springs provide a easy way to model complicated systems by using their responses in the material definitions. This post brings attention to the way LS-DYNA handles the default behavior in tension or compress when the material input does not pass through the origin (0,0) but simply begins from origin. When only one of either…

October 20, 2006 | by